Sleep Apnea: Types, Symptoms, Risk Factors, and Treatment.
Sleep Apnea: Types, Symptoms, Risk Factors, and Treatment.

Sleep Apnea: Types, Symptoms, Risk Factors, and Treatment.

Jan 06, 2021

Do you have trouble sleeping well at night but happen to drift off easily during the day? Have others around complained of your loud snoring and brief periods of breathing cessation during sleep? Then, you should see an orthodontist who can treat sleep apnea near you. In this article, we will discuss all the condition entails.

Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder characterized by brief pauses in breathing. Breathing can stop several times during sleep, causing a decrease in oxygen getting to the brain and the rest of the body. This increases the potential for conditions like hypertension, heart problems, and other chronic diseases. Hence, you should see a specialist who can treat sleep apnea near Woodbridge. What are the types of Sleep Apnea? Let’s discuss this and other aspects.

Types Of Sleep Apnea

  • Obstructive Sleep Apnea(OSA): This is the most common form of sleep apnea. During sleep, the soft tissue in the back of the throat collapses, blocking the airways. This is the type that an Orthodontist in Strafford, VA is qualified to treat. An Orthodontist in 22554 will create a Sleep Apnea Orthodontic Appliance that reduces the chances of obstruction.
  • Central Sleep Apnea: Here, there are no issues in the airways. Instead, the brain fails to deliver signals to the respiratory muscles due to instability in the control centers of respiration.

There’s another type of sleep apnea which is a complication of treatment for sleep apnea. It is known as the Comple Sleep Apnea Syndrome, a hybrid of both the obstructive and central types of sleep apnea.

Symptoms Of Sleep Apnea

When you visit your Orthodontist who treats sleep apnea in Strafford, VA, what symptoms will you be asked about? Loud snoring and episodes of pauses in breathing are the most common symptoms. Both symptoms are usually reported by other people living with you. Symptoms of Obstructive and Central Sleep Apneas often overlap and it’s difficult to tell one type from the other using symptoms. Other symptoms include gasping for air during sleep, awakening with a dry mouth, and headaches in the morning. Difficulty staying asleep at night and staying awake during the day are also symptoms.

Risk Factors For Sleep Apnea

Anyone can have sleep apnea. However, certain populations are more at risk of the condition than others. Generally, males are more at risk, up to two to three times than women. Older males and females are more implicated than younger ones. Obesity also ranks high on the list of risk factors. This is because fat around the region of the upper airway can contribute to obstruction. Some people have narrow airways and small neck circumferences that were inherited. A family history of the condition is also a risk factor.

Smokers and alcoholics are more likely to have this condition. The risk is as high as three times more than the general population of smokers. Medical conditions such as heart failure, hypertension, type II diabetes, asthma, and others can predispose a person to the condition. All risk factors that have been mentioned are more associated with OSA. But, many of them are also risk factors for the central type. The notable ones include being male and older. Risk factors more peculiar to central sleep apnea are heart disorders, stroke, and the use of narcotics.

Complications Of Sleep Apnea

The condition can predispose one to other serious medical conditions if it is not properly managed. Daytime fatigue is one common issue. It reduces productivity at home, school, or work because concentration is severely affected. Irritability, low moods, and anger issues can also develop. Hypertension and heart conditions are also possible complications. This is related to the drop in blood oxygen levels that occur with the brief pauses in breathing. Type 2 Diabetes and Obesity which are risk factors are also complications of Sleep Apnea. Partners of people with Sleep Apnea are directly affected as many cannot get a good night’s rest due to the loud snoring.

Treatment of Sleep Apnea

An Orthodontist near Woodbridge can create a sleep apnea appliance that can improve breathing and reducing obstructive episodes. The device is fixed into the mouth and it changes the jaw alignment, preventing the relaxation of the throat muscles. This in turn prevents obstruction in sleep.

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